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North American Regulations

North America includes three countries: Canada, the USA and Mexico. Compliance InSight Consulting has expertise in machinery safety in two of these countries, Canada and the USA.

Canada

There are two major jurisdictions in Canada: Federal and Provincial/Territorial.

Federal

Workers employed by the Government of Canada in government departments, the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), transportation (railways, airlines, and shipping) and workers on First Nations lands are covered by the Canadian Labour Code which is enforced by Human Resources Development Canada.

Radiation emitting devices are Federally regulated under the Radiation Emitting Devices Act and related regulations.

CSA standards are used as the basis for regulatory approval at this level, in addition to Federal regulations relating to radiation, electromagnetic spectrum (including electromagnetic compatibility issues for equipment), and transportation standards.

Provincial / Territorial

Canada has 10 provinces and three territories as you can see in the map below. The Provincial and Territorial governments are based in each of the Provincial and Territorial capitals.


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Each Province and Territory has their own set of workplace regulations that cover non-Federal workplaces. These regulations are enforced by Provincial or Territorial Ministries responsible for labour.

Provincial and Territorial Ministries
Jurisdiction
Ministry
Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland & Labrador
Nova Scotia
Northwest Territories
Nunavut Territory
Ontario
Prince Edward Island
Québec
Saskatchewan
Yukon Territory

 

Canadian Legal Information Institute (CANLII) Database of Canadian legislation

General information on Canada from Wikipedia

USA

There are three major jurisdictions in the USA: Federal, State and Municipal.

Federal

In the Federal jurisdiction, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) regulates workplace safety in all Federal facilities and in the states that have adopted the OSHA regulations for workplace safety. Machinery safety regulations are found in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): 29 CFR 1910.

Radiation and radiation emitting devices are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) through the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH). This includes ionizing sources such as X-ray machines and non-ionizing sources like lasers.

States

Each state has the right to make it's own workplace safety laws and regulations, or to adopt the Federal OSHA regulations. The USA currently has 50 states and one district. We won't try to list all of the states departments of labor here, but you should be able to find them quite easily using your favourite search engine.

Municipal

Some of the large cities have developed their own local codes in addition to the Federal and State codes that may apply. Municipalities that have their own local codes include New York City, Chicago and Los Angeles. For more information, check with your local municipality or the city where the equipment will be installed.

Mexico

Unfortunately, we don't have any information on Mexico at this time.

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