North American Regulations
North America includes three countries: Canada, the USA and Mexico. Compliance InSight Consulting has expertise in machinery safety in two of these countries, Canada and the USA.
There are three major jurisdictions in Canada: Federal, Provincial and Territorial.
Workers employed by the Government of Canada in government departments, the Canadian Forces, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), transportation (railways, airlines, and shipping) and workers on First Nations lands are covered by the Canada Labour Code which is enforced by Human Resources Development Canada.
CSA standards are used as the basis for regulatory approval at this level, in addition to Federal regulations relating to radiation, electromagnetic spectrum (including electromagnetic compatibility issues for equipment), and transportation standards.
Provincial / Territorial
Canada has 10 provinces and three territories as you can see in the map below. The Provincial and Territorial governments are based in each of the Provincial and Territorial capitals.
Each Province and Territory has their own set of workplace regulations that cover non-Federal workplaces. These regulations are enforced by Provincial or Territorial Ministries responsible for labour.
|Alberta||Ministry of Employment and Immigration|
|British Columbia||Ministry of Labour and WorkSafe BC|
|Manitoba||Ministry of Labour and Immigration|
|New Brunswick||Ministry of Labour and WorkSafe NB|
|Newfoundland & Labrador||Ministry of Human Resources, Labour and Employment — Occupational Health and Safety and the |
Workplace Health, Safety and Compensation Commission
|Nova Scotia||Ministry of Labour and Workforce Development|
|Northwest Territories||Department of Human Resources and the|
Worker’s Safety and Compensation Commission
|Nunavut Territory||Government of Nunavut|
|Ontario||Ministry of Labour|
|Prince Edward Island||Workers Compensation Board of PEI|
|Québec||Ministry of Labour/Ministère du Travail du Québec and the|
Commission de la santé et de la sécurité du travail (CNESST)
|Saskatchewan||Ministry of Labour and Occupational Health and Safety|
|Yukon Territory||Yukon Workers’ Compensation Health & Safety Board|
There are three major jurisdictions in the USA: Federal, State and Municipal.
In the Federal jurisdiction, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) regulates workplace safety in all Federal facilities and in the states that have adopted the OSHA regulations for workplace safety. Machinery safety regulations are found in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR): 29 CFR 1910.
Radiation and radiation emitting devices are regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) through the Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH). This includes ionizing sources such as X‑ray machines and non-ionizing sources like lasers.
Each state has the right to make it’s own workplace safety laws and regulations, or to adopt the Federal OSHA regulations. The USA currently has 50 states and one district. We won’t try to list all of the states departments of labor here, but you should be able to find them quite easily using your favourite search engine.
Some of the large cities have developed their own local codes in addition to the Federal and State codes that may apply. Municipalities that have their own local codes include New York City, Chicago and Los Angeles. For more information, check with your local municipality or the city where the equipment will be installed.
Unfortunately, we don’t have any information on Mexico at this time.